Imprisoned

Janine Phillips Africa

Janine Africa served as Minister of Education for the MOVE Organization. Her daugher, Life Africa, was killed at three weeks old by the Philadelphia police.  She was later caught in the police raid of the MOVE house where she and eight others were wrongfully convicted of the murder of a police officer who was killed by friendly fire during the raid.  She has served 40 years in prison despite her innocence.  Learn more about the MOVE 9 and what you can do to help free Janine at MOVE 9 Parole.

Delbert Orr Africa

Personal Background

Delbert Orr Africa was born April 2, 1946.  As a young man he joined the Chicago Chapter of the Black Panther Party.  In 1969 the FBI put forth false warrants on the Chicago BPP leadership, including Delbert.  He and others then fled to Canada.  They struggled to get any financial support while in exile and received support from others in the struggle. Many reports have listed them as carrying out bank expropriations to sustain themselves, which is false.

Ronald Reed

Ronald Reed is a former 60s civil rights activist. In 1969, Reed was also among the students at St. Paul Central High School who demanded black history courses and organized actions against racist teachers. He was also instrumental in helping to integrate college campuses in Minnesota. During this period, Reed began to look toward revolutionary theory and began to engage in political street theater with other young black revolutionaries in the city of St. Paul.

Jalil Muntaqim

Jalil became affiliated with the Black Panther Party at age 18.  Less than 2 months before his 20th birthday he was captured with Albert Nuh Washington in a midnight shootout with San Francisco police. He was subsequently charged with a host of revolutionary activities including the assassination of two police in New York City. It is for this that he is currently serving a 25 years – life sentence in New York State. His case is known as the New York 3 case as his co-defendants include Nuh Washington and Herman Bell.

Veronza Bowers

Personal Background

Veronza Bowers Jr. is a former Black Panther Party member framed for the murder of a U.S. Park Ranger.  He is being illegally held past his 30 year sentence, making him one of the longest-held political prisoners in U.S. history.

Legal Case

Veronza was convicted in the murder of a U.S. Park Ranger on the word of two government informers, both of whom received reduced sentences for other crimes by the Federal prosecutor’s office.

Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, Imam

Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, formerly H. Rap Brown, was a black liberation leader serving as the chairman of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and late the Justice Minister of the Black Panther Party.  He went on to convert to Islam, became an Imam and helped found a mosque in Atlanta.

Early Life

Imam Jamil was born in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. In the late 1960s, he was known as H. Rap Brown. After Islam, he adopted the name Jamil Al-Amin.

Sundiata Acoli (Clark Squire)

Sundiata Acoli is a New Afrikan political prisoner of war.  A tireless worker for black liberation, Sundiata was a prominent member of the Harlem chapter of the Black Panther Party.  Continally targeted by the FBI’s illegal COINTELPRO operation, Sundiata continued the struggle underground with the Black Liberation Army.  In 1973 he, Zayd and Assata Shakur were stopped by New Jersey state troopers.  Zayd Shakur was killed, while Assata was wounded and taken into custody.  One state trooper was killed in the attack and another injured.

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